Abiotic and biotic environments interact to affect the success and environmental impacts of biofuel crops in both the establishment and productivity phases, which also are affected by episodic acute perturbations such as weather events and pest outbreaks. Multiscale modeling, informed by place-based, long-term observations and experiments, enables the extension of knowledge to different environments with extrapolation to regional and global scales.
Credit or Source: Office of Biological and Environmental Research of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. science.energy.gov/ber/
U.S. DOE. 2014. Research for Sustainable Bioenergy: Linking Genomic and Ecosystem Sciences, Workshop Report, DOE/SC-0167. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. genomicscience.energy.gov/sustainability/. (p. 8) (PDF)