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Molecular structure of a transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA).

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Single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) can fold up and twist to form 3-D structures like this transfer RNA (tRNA). During protein synthesis, tRNA binds and delivers an amino acid to the ribosome, which adds the amino acid to the growing protein chain.

Credit or Source: Protein Data Bank (www.rcsb.org) PDB ID 4TNA visualized using iMol

Citation(s):

US DOE. Genomics Placemat: Genomics for Energy and Environmental Science, US Department of Energy Office of Science. (p. 2) (website)

Prepared by the Biological and Environmental Research Information System, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, genomicscience.energy.gov/ and genomics.energy.gov/.