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Expressing the Genome in Bacterial Cells

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Bacteria are prokaryotes—single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus. Because no nuclear membrane separates a bacterium’s genome from ribosomes and other cellular contents, protein synthesis can start before an mRNA transcript is complete. Bacterial genes do not have introns (noncoding regions of DNA). Thus editing mRNA transcripts, which involves removing introns prior to protein synthesis, is not needed.

Credit or Source: Biological and Environmental Research Information System, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Citation(s):

US DOE. Genomics Placemat: Genomics for Energy and Environmental Science, US Department of Energy Office of Science. (p. 1) (website)

Prepared by the Biological and Environmental Research Information System, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, genomicscience.energy.gov/ and genomics.energy.gov/.