The BER programs within the DOE Office of Science advance world-class research to understand complex biological and environmental systems and provide scientific user facilities to support DOE missions in scientific discovery and innovation, energy security, and environmental responsibility. BER’s interdisciplinary research programs engage scientists from national laboratories, universities, and the private sector in exploring the frontiers of genome-enabled biology; discovering the physical, chemical, and biological drivers of climate change; and seeking the geochemical, hydrological, and biological determinants of environmental sustainability. BER programs are managed within two divisions: the Biological Systems Science Division and the Climate and Environmental Sciences Division. BER’s Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) seeks to achieve a predictive understanding of biological systems with important roles in sustainable biofuels, climate science and carbon cycling, and subsurface biogeochemistry (see figure). BSSD research activities include using genomics and systems biology to understand plant and microbial systems, supporting DOE Bioenergy Research Centers to provide transformational breakthroughs in cellulosic biofuels, and developing real-time, high-resolution technologies (assisted by integration with computational modeling) for analyzing dynamic biological processes. The Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) aims to achieve a predictive understanding of climate change, ecosystem response to climate change, and contaminant fate and transport in the subsurface. Projects supported by CESD programs are resolving the greatest uncertainties in climate change, improving the world’s most powerful climate models, providing the science to inform environmental remediation strategies, and working to understand carbon cycling in terrestrial vegetation and soils.
Credit or Source: Office of Biological and Environmental Research of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. science.energy.gov/ber/
U.S. DOE. 2009. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Systems Biology Knowledgebase for a New Era in Biology: A Genomics:GTL Report from the May 2008 Workshop, DOE/SC-113, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. (p. 1) (website)
Genomes to Life Program Roadmap, April 2001, DOE/SC-0036, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. (website)
US DOE. 2010. Bioenergy Research Centers: An Overview of the Science, DOE/SC-0127, US Department of Energy. (website)