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Systems Biology Analysis of Cellulose Degradation by Clostridium thermocellum
Published: January 03, 2011
Posted: January 11, 2011

The bacterium Clostridium thermocellum is highly specialized to degrade cellulosic plant material through the use of cellulosomes, complex multi-component molecular machines tethered to the bacteria’s surface. The microbe can adjust the modular composition of its cellulosomes in response to various types of substrates and environmental conditions, but the mechanisms regulating this process remain poorly understand. Researchers at the DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, have completed a global analysis of gene expression in C. thermocellum during controlled growth on cellulose and cellobiose (a simpler two sugar compound). Over 350 genes involved in cellulosome assembly, cellulose chain deconstruction, product uptake, and downstream synthesis of ethanol and hydrogen were observed to be differentially expressed depending on substrate and growth rate. In addition, the study provided new clues on the roles of numerous C. thermocellum genes that are currently categorized as having unknown functions. These results reveal the complex control that C. thermocellum exerts over its cellulose degrading machinery and provides new routes for development of this organism for bioenergy production.

Reference: Riederer, A., T. E. Takasuka, S. Makino, D. M. Stevenson, Y.V. Bukhman, N. L. Elsen, and B. G. Fox. 2010. “Global Gene Expression Patterns in Clostridium thermocellum from Microarray Analysis of Chemostat Culture on Cellulose or Cellobiose,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, DOE:10.1128/AEM.02008-10

Contact: Joseph Graber, SC-23.2, (301) 903-1239
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Genomic Analysis and Systems Biology
  • Research Area: Microbes and Communities
  • Research Area: Plant Systems and Feedstocks, Plant-Microbe Interactions
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts
  • Research Area: DOE Bioenergy Research Centers (BRC)

Division: SC-33.2 Biological Systems Science Division, BER

 

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