U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


New Modeling Tool for Optimizing Biofuels Production
Published: November 01, 2010
Posted: November 05, 2010

Many feedstocks and conversion options are available to produce biofuels. DOE's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) has developed a new publicly available model to evaluate the relative advantages of various biofuel production approaches. The model includes the flow of materials from feedstocks leaving the farm through finished products leaving the biorefinery. It tracks the use of heat, power, and raw materials and predicts costs as well as energy and material balances. A preliminary, traditional scenario involving corn stover as feedstock, acid pretreatment, and conversion to ethanol using yeast engineered to ferment five and six carbon sugars is the basis of comparison. The model facilitates input from the user community to provide suggestions and modify assumptions. JBEI is using the model to guide its research emphasis. For example, the model predicts that acetate produced during fermentation could limit ethanol production more than the accumulation of ethanol suggesting that feedstocks and feedstock processing should be optimized to reduce acetylation. The model is also highlighted in the October 22 issue of Science Magazine.

Reference: Klein-Marcuschamer, et al. 2010. "Technoeconomic Analysis of Biofuels: A Wiki-Based Platform for Lignocellulosic Biorefineries," Biomass and Bioenergy, doi:10:1016/j.biombioe.2010.07.033.

Contact: John Houghton, SC-23.2, (301) 903-8288
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Plant Systems and Feedstocks, Plant-Microbe Interactions
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts
  • Research Area: DOE Bioenergy Research Centers (BRC)
  • Research Area: Computational Biology, Bioinformatics, Modeling

Division: SC-23.2 Biological Systems Science Division, BER

 

BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

May 10, 2019
Quantifying Decision Uncertainty in Water Management via a Coupled Agent-Based Model
Considering risk perception can improve the representation of human decision-making processes in age [more...]

May 09, 2019
Projecting Global Urban Area Growth Through 2100 Based on Historical Time Series Data and Future Scenarios
Study provides country-specific urban area growth models and the first dataset on country-level urba [more...]

May 05, 2019
Calibrating Building Energy Demand Models to Refine Long-Term Energy Planning
A new, flexible calibration approach improved model accuracy in capturing year-to-year changes in bu [more...]

May 03, 2019
Calibration and Uncertainty Analysis of Demeter for Better Downscaling of Global Land Use and Land Cover Projections
Researchers improved the Demeter model’s performance by calibrating key parameters and establi [more...]

Apr 22, 2019
Representation of U.S. Warm Temperature Extremes in Global Climate Model Ensembles
Representation of warm temperature events varies considerably among global climate models, which has [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)