BER launches Environmental System Science Program. Visit our new website under construction!

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights

Understanding Oceanic Low-level Clouds
Published: June 28, 2010
Posted: July 28, 2010

Using a combination of ground-based ARM data and satellite data, DOE scientists found that low-level clouds that usually form over the oceans are controlled by interactions between cloud small-scale processes (known as microphysical processes) and large-scale processes (known as macrophysical processes). Despite their critical importance in shaping the Earth’s climate, these low low-level clouds are not well understood. For the first time, this study found that there is striking seasonal variation in both macrophysical properties (such as cloud base height and cloud amount) and microphysical properties (such as number of cloud droplets and drizzling frequency). The results suggest possible influences of macrophysical processes and aerosol particles, highlighting the need for development of a new cloud formulation that accounts for both microphysical and macrophysical processes.

Reference: Liu, Y. 2010. Comments on “Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds Off the California Coast” by Lin et al., Journal of Climate 23(12), 3416–3420. DOI: (Reference link)

Contact: Kiran Alapaty, SC-23.1, (301) 903-3175
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Atmospheric System Research
  • Facility: DOE ARM User Facility

Division: SC-33.1 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, BER


BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Mar 23, 2021
Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Lipids transfer energy and serve as an inter-kingdom communication tool in leaf-cutter ants&rsqu [more...]

Mar 19, 2021
Microbes Use Ancient Metabolism to Cycle Phosphorus
Microbial cycling of phosphorus through reduction-oxidation reactions is older and more widespre [more...]

Feb 22, 2021
Warming Soil Means Stronger Microbe Networks
Soil warming leads to more complex, larger, and more connected networks of microbes in those soi [more...]

Jan 27, 2021
Labeling the Thale Cress Metabolites
New data pipeline identifies metabolites following heavy isotope labeling.

Analysis [more...]

Aug 31, 2020
Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco

  • All plant biomass is sourced from the carbon-fixing enzyme Rub [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)