U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights

New Model Describes Links Between Vertical Air Motion and Arctic Cloud Properties
Published: March 09, 2009
Posted: March 27, 2009

DOE scientists have developed a model that explains aspects of the life-cycle of low-altitude Arctic clouds using ground-based measurements from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) user facility. These clouds are often called mixed-phase clouds because of the co-existence of both water and ice. Lifting of air in these clouds leads to formation of liquid and ice particles. Subsequent descending air motion nearly eliminates the ice phase through sublimation and particles falling out of the clouds. It is important to understand the role of vertical air motion in determining the distribution of liquid and ice particles in these clouds because of their direct impact on Arctic climate through changes in the surface and atmospheric radiation budgets. These findings pave the way for improved representation of clouds in climate models.

Reference: Shupe, M. D., P. Kollias, P. O. G. Persson, and G. M. McFarquhar, 2008:  Vertical motions in Arctic mixed-phase stratiform clouds.  J. Atmos. Sci. 65, 1304-1322.

Contact: Kiran Alapaty, SC-23.1, (301) 903-3175
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Atmospheric System Research
  • Facility: DOE ARM User Facility

Division: SC-23.1 Climate and Environmental Sciences Division, BER


BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Aug 24, 2019
New Approach for Studying How Microbes Influence Their Environment
A diverse group of scientists suggests a common framework and targeting of known microbial processes [more...]

Aug 08, 2019
Nutrient-Hungry Peatland Microbes Reduce Carbon Loss Under Warmer Conditions
Enzyme production in peatlands reduces carbon lost to respiration under future high temperatures. [more...]

Aug 05, 2019
Amazon Forest Response to CO2 Fertilization Dependent on Plant Phosphorus Acquisition
AmazonFACE Model Intercomparison. The Science Plant growth is dependent on the availabi [more...]

Jul 29, 2019
A Slippery Slope: Soil Carbon Destabilization
Carbon gain or loss depends on the balance between competing biological, chemical, and physical reac [more...]

Jul 15, 2019
Field Evaluation of Gas Analyzers for Measuring Ecosystem Fluxes
How gas analyzer type and correction method impact measured fluxes. The Science A side- [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)