U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


Cover Article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) Features DOE BioEnergy Research Center (BESC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
Published: December 15, 2008
Posted: January 27, 2009

The December 8, 2008 edition of C&EN provides extensive coverage of DOE's bioenergy research.  The cover story, "Genes to Gasoline," focuses on ORNL research to covert biomass to fuels by efficient and economical processes.  The article explains challenges to the biological production of biofuels, especially the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic material to degradation.  Martin Keller, BESC Director, and Brian Davison and Charles Wyman, BESC scientists, are quoted.  Other DOE-funded scientists conducting biofuels research are also mentioned.  The shortcomings of current biomass pretreatment and conversion options are described as a backdrop for BESC's research programs to develop a one-pot process (combining biomass deconstruction and fuel synthesis in one reactor vessel), a capability to conduct high throughput screening of potential biomass samples, and the opportunity to discover microbes with new enzymes in locations such as hot pools in Yellowstone.  The role of DOE's Joint Genome Institute in facilitating this research is described.  The cover shows a fluorescence micrograph of a switchgrass cross section. 

The cover story "Genes to Gasoline," by Steve Ritter, for the December 8 issue is at: [website]

The cover shows a micrograph of switchgrass credited to DOE/NREL/BESC.

Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Microbes and Communities
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts
  • Research Area: DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI)
  • Research Area: DOE Bioenergy Research Centers (BRC)
  • Research Area: Biosystems Design

Division: SC-23 BER
      (formerly SC-23 OBER)

 

BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

May 10, 2019
Quantifying Decision Uncertainty in Water Management via a Coupled Agent-Based Model
Considering risk perception can improve the representation of human decision-making processes in age [more...]

May 09, 2019
Projecting Global Urban Area Growth Through 2100 Based on Historical Time Series Data and Future Scenarios
Study provides country-specific urban area growth models and the first dataset on country-level urba [more...]

May 05, 2019
Calibrating Building Energy Demand Models to Refine Long-Term Energy Planning
A new, flexible calibration approach improved model accuracy in capturing year-to-year changes in bu [more...]

May 03, 2019
Calibration and Uncertainty Analysis of Demeter for Better Downscaling of Global Land Use and Land Cover Projections
Researchers improved the Demeter model’s performance by calibrating key parameters and establi [more...]

Apr 22, 2019
Representation of U.S. Warm Temperature Extremes in Global Climate Model Ensembles
Representation of warm temperature events varies considerably among global climate models, which has [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)