U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


Feature Article in Nature on "Genomics of Cellulosic Biofuels" by Director of DOE Joint Genome Institute
Published: August 11, 2008
Posted: August 20, 2008

The August 14 issue of Nature has an invited review, "Genomics of Cellulosic Biofuels," by Eddy Rubin, Director of the DOE Joint Genome Institute. The article describes the enormous promise for development of new routes to cellulosic biofuels from genomic sequencing of plants (sources of biomass precursors of liquid fuels) and microbes (sources of enzymes and pathways to convert biomass to liquid fuels). Rubin lays out a path for how emerging genomic technologies will contribute to a substantially different biofuels future compared to todays corn-based ethanol industry, mitigating, in part, the food-versus-fuel debate. Rubin concludes that Genomic information gathered from across the biosphere, including potential energy crops and microorganisms able to break down biomass, will be vital for improving the prospects of significant cellulose biofuel production. This describes a key foundation of SCs Bioenergy Research Centers and the Genomics:GTL program.

Contact: Dan Drell, SC-23.2, (301) 903-4742
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Genomic Analysis and Systems Biology
  • Research Area: Microbes and Communities
  • Research Area: Plant Systems and Feedstocks, Plant-Microbe Interactions
  • Research Area: DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI)
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts
  • Research Area: DOE Bioenergy Research Centers (BRC)

Division: SC-23.2 Biological Systems Science Division, BER

 

BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Aug 24, 2019
New Approach for Studying How Microbes Influence Their Environment
A diverse group of scientists suggests a common framework and targeting of known microbial processes [more...]

Aug 08, 2019
Nutrient-Hungry Peatland Microbes Reduce Carbon Loss Under Warmer Conditions
Enzyme production in peatlands reduces carbon lost to respiration under future high temperatures. [more...]

Aug 05, 2019
Amazon Forest Response to CO2 Fertilization Dependent on Plant Phosphorus Acquisition
AmazonFACE Model Intercomparison. The Science Plant growth is dependent on the availabi [more...]

Jul 29, 2019
A Slippery Slope: Soil Carbon Destabilization
Carbon gain or loss depends on the balance between competing biological, chemical, and physical reac [more...]

Jul 15, 2019
Field Evaluation of Gas Analyzers for Measuring Ecosystem Fluxes
How gas analyzer type and correction method impact measured fluxes. The Science A side- [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)