U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


Nature Biotechnology Publishes Pichia stipitis Sequence, Generated by DOE-JGI
Published: March 26, 2007
Posted: April 24, 2007

Xylose is a major constituent of plant lignocellulose, a key component of plant cell walls and therefore a major constituent of the biomass that this Nation, under the Presidents Advanced Energy Initiative, will explore for Bioenergy to reduce dependence on foreign oil. A team headed by Tom Jeffries of the USDA Forest Products Lab in Madison, WI, working closely with scientists at the DOE Joint Genome Institute, has determined the complete 15.4 million base pair genome sequence of the yeast Pichia stipitis. P. stipitis is a well-studied, native xylose-fermenting yeast whose mechanism and regulation of xylose metabolism have been characterized. P. stipitis, under optimum culture conditions, can ferment xylose to ethanol with 80% of theoretically maximum yields. The sequence data have revealed unusual aspects of genome organization, numerous genes for bioconversion, a preliminary insight into regulation of central metabolic pathways. The sequence of P. stipitis can be expected to provide additional biological "parts" for the determination and possible assembly of metabolic pathways that can efficiently generate ethanol from xylose and play a role in a biomass-to-biofuel economy.

Contact: Dan Drell, SC-23.2, (301) 903-4742
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Genomic Analysis and Systems Biology
  • Research Area: Microbes and Communities
  • Research Area: DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI)
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts

Division: SC-23.2 Biological Systems Science Division, BER
      (formerly SC-23.2 Medical Sciences Division, OBER)

 

BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Aug 24, 2019
New Approach for Studying How Microbes Influence Their Environment
A diverse group of scientists suggests a common framework and targeting of known microbial processes [more...]

Aug 08, 2019
Nutrient-Hungry Peatland Microbes Reduce Carbon Loss Under Warmer Conditions
Enzyme production in peatlands reduces carbon lost to respiration under future high temperatures. [more...]

Aug 05, 2019
Amazon Forest Response to CO2 Fertilization Dependent on Plant Phosphorus Acquisition
AmazonFACE Model Intercomparison. The Science Plant growth is dependent on the availabi [more...]

Jul 29, 2019
A Slippery Slope: Soil Carbon Destabilization
Carbon gain or loss depends on the balance between competing biological, chemical, and physical reac [more...]

Jul 15, 2019
Field Evaluation of Gas Analyzers for Measuring Ecosystem Fluxes
How gas analyzer type and correction method impact measured fluxes. The Science A side- [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)