U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


Human Induced Warming in the Oceans
Published: June 13, 2005
Posted: July 06, 2005

A DOE funded study that appears in the June 2 issue of Science Express indicates a warming signal has penetrated into the world's oceans over the past 40 years. The patterns of warming are examined as a function of amount, location, and time on an ocean-by-ocean basis. The physics responsible for the observed trends is discussed. The signal is complex, with a vertical structure that varies widely by ocean; it cannot be explained by natural internal climate variability or solar and volcanic forcing. It is well simulated by two anthropogenically forced climate models. Changes in advection combine with surface forcing to give the overall warming pattern. The results are robust to observational sampling and model differences.

Reference: Barnett, T.P., D. Pierce, K. AchutaRao, P. Gleckler, B. Santer, J. Gregory, and W. Washington. 2005. "Penetration of a Warming Signal into the Worlds Oceans: Human Impacts," Science Express

Contact: Anjuli S Bamzai, SC-23.3, (301) 903-0294
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Earth and Environmental Systems Modeling

Division: SC-23.1 Climate and Environmental Sciences Division, BER
      (formerly SC-23.3 Climate Change Research Division, OBER)

 

BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

May 10, 2019
Quantifying Decision Uncertainty in Water Management via a Coupled Agent-Based Model
Considering risk perception can improve the representation of human decision-making processes in age [more...]

May 09, 2019
Projecting Global Urban Area Growth Through 2100 Based on Historical Time Series Data and Future Scenarios
Study provides country-specific urban area growth models and the first dataset on country-level urba [more...]

May 05, 2019
Calibrating Building Energy Demand Models to Refine Long-Term Energy Planning
A new, flexible calibration approach improved model accuracy in capturing year-to-year changes in bu [more...]

May 03, 2019
Calibration and Uncertainty Analysis of Demeter for Better Downscaling of Global Land Use and Land Cover Projections
Researchers improved the Demeter model’s performance by calibrating key parameters and establi [more...]

Apr 22, 2019
Representation of U.S. Warm Temperature Extremes in Global Climate Model Ensembles
Representation of warm temperature events varies considerably among global climate models, which has [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)