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Soil Minerals Reduce Phosphorus Availability
Published: December 06, 2018
Posted: October 21, 2019

Association of phosphorus to soil minerals limits nutrient availability in tropical soils.

The Science
Phosphorus is a limiting nutrient in tropical soils, in part because of its tendency to associate strongly with soil minerals. Phosphorus-soil associations were measured on tropical soils from around the globe and were associated with high clay content.

The Impact
Phosphorus associates strongly with soil minerals, particularly clays, providing an important constraint on its availability to plants and microbes. Very high phosphorus concentrations were needed to confidently determine the strength of its association with soil minerals.

Summary
Very high phosphorus concentrations are needed to quantify association with soil minerals in tropical environments. Studies that aim to quantify this association typically do not use tropical soils, even though phosphorus is a key limiting nutrient in the tropics. Many studies use phosphorus concentrations that are too low to yield confidence in the parameters for the Langmuir equation that describe phosphorus attachment. This study provides specific recommendations for quantifying phosphorus associations with tropical soil minerals. 

Contacts
BER Program Manager
Daniel Stover
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research
Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (SC-23.1)
Terrestrial Ecosystem Science
daniel.stover@science.doe.gov

Principal Investigator
Melanie Mayes
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN 37831
mayesma@ornl.gov

Funding
This research was supported as part of the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE)–Tropics project, funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research within the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science.

Publications
Brenner, J., et al. “Phosphorus sorption on tropical soils with relevance to Earth system model needs.” Soil Research 57(1), 17–27 (2019). [DOI:10.1071/SR18197]

Related Links
Dataset: DOI:10.15486/ngt/1434046

Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Terrestrial Ecosystem Science
  • Research Area: Carbon Cycle, Nutrient Cycling
  • Research Area: Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE)

Division: SC-33.1 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, BER

 

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