U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights


Depth-Resolved Physicochemical Characteristics of Active Layer and Permafrost Soils in an Arctic Polygonal Tundra Region
Published: May 07, 2018
Posted: December 21, 2018

Permafrost physicochemical property trends and variabilities

The Science
NGEE-Arctic scientists from ORNL explore the trends and variabilities of the permafrost physicochemical properties.

The Impact
These results are critical for identifying approaches to upscale point-based measurements and for improving model parameterization to predict permafrost carbon behavior and feedback under future climate.

Summary
NGEE-Arctic scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) observed (1) consistent relationships between soil property and depth and between major parameters, (2) large contrasts of key soil parameters between active layer and permafrost, indicative of potentially different response of the permafrost carbon to warming when compared to the active layer, and (3) a correlation between soil hydraulic conductivity and topographic features that impacts soil hydrologic processes. This analysis suggests that the permafrost has a marine-derived chemical signature that differs from the active layer and shapes the physicochemical fingerprints of the different geomorphic features. Specifically, we revealed the unique signatures of the high center polygons, indicative of possible microbial activity at depth (>1 m). Their study suggested consistent key soil parameter-depth correlations while demonstrating complex lateral and vertical variabilities.

Contacts (BER PM)
Dan Stover
SC-23.1
daniel.stover@science.doe.gov;

(PI Contact)
Stan Wullschleger
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
wullschlegsd@ornl.gov

Funding
The Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments-Arctic (NGEE Arctic) project is supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the DOE Office of Science. This NGEE-Arctic research is supported through contract number DE-AC0205CH11231 to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Publications
Wu, Y., C. Ulrich, T. Kneafsey, R. Lopez, C. Chou, J. Geller, et al. “Depth-resolved physicochemical characteristics of active layer and permafrost soils in an Arctic polygonal tundra region.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 123(4), 1366-1386 (2018). [DOI:10.1002/2018JG004413]

Related Links
The datasets presented in this manuscript are available and can be accessed at and cited as Yuxin Wu, Craig Ulrich, and Timothy J. Kneafsey. 2018. Physical, Chemical, and Hydrologic Characteristics of Active Layer and Permafrost Soils of Arctic Polygonal Tundra, Barrow, Alaska, 2013-2016. Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments Arctic Data Collection, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Dataset accessed on [date] at 10.5440/1358456.

PAPER: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2018JG004413

Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Terrestrial Ecosystem Science
  • Research Area: Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE)

Division: SC-23 BER

 

Recent Highlights

Aug 24, 2019
New Approach for Studying How Microbes Influence Their Environment
A diverse group of scientists suggests a common framework and targeting of known microbial processes [more...]

Aug 08, 2019
Nutrient-Hungry Peatland Microbes Reduce Carbon Loss Under Warmer Conditions
Enzyme production in peatlands reduces carbon lost to respiration under future high temperatures. [more...]

Aug 05, 2019
Amazon Forest Response to CO2 Fertilization Dependent on Plant Phosphorus Acquisition
AmazonFACE Model Intercomparison. The Science Plant growth is dependent on the availabi [more...]

Jul 29, 2019
A Slippery Slope: Soil Carbon Destabilization
Carbon gain or loss depends on the balance between competing biological, chemical, and physical reac [more...]

Jul 15, 2019
Field Evaluation of Gas Analyzers for Measuring Ecosystem Fluxes
How gas analyzer type and correction method impact measured fluxes. The Science A side- [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)