U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights

Temperate Forest Methane Sink Diminished by Tree Emissions
Published: March 31, 2017
Posted: May 10, 2017

Upland forests offset soil methane sinks by 1-6% through stem emissions.

The Science
Upland forest soils remove methane from the atmosphere and are represented in global budgets as net methane sinks. However, we demonstrate that upland trees can also emit methane.

The Impact
Studies of methane fluxes in upland forests have focused on exchanges between the atmosphere and soils, but we conclude that methane fluxes across tree surfaces are also potentially important for upland forest methane budgets.

Upland forests remove methane from the atmosphere and are represented in global budgets as net methane sinks. However, this view is based almost entirely on measurements of methane exchange across forest soil surfaces, with little attention to the exchange of methane across plant surfaces. Here we report that methane is emitted from the stems of dominant tree species in a temperate upland forest. The source of the methane emitted from these trees is uncertain but may include transport in the transpiration stream from anoxic groundwater, or methane produced inside the tree itself. High-frequency measurements revealed diurnal patterns in the rate of tree-stem methane emissions that support a groundwater source. A simple scaling exercise suggested that tree emissions offset 1-6% of the growing season soil methane sink, and the forest may have briefly changed to a net source of methane to the atmosphere due to tree methane emissions.

Contacts (BER PM)
Daniel Stover
Daniel.Stover@science.doe.gov (301-903-0289)

(PI Contact)
Patrick Megonigal
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
megonigalp@si.edu (443-482-2346)

This study was supported primarily by the DOE Terrestrial Ecosystem Science program (grant DE-SC0008165). The components of an automated flux system was developed with funds from NSF-ERC MIRTHE (EEC-0540832).

S.A. Pitz and J.P. Megonigal, “Temperate Forest Methane Sink Diminished by Tree Emissions”. New Phytologist (2017).  [DOI: 10.1111/nph.14559]. (Reference link)

Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Terrestrial Ecosystem Science

Division: SC-23.1 Climate and Environmental Sciences Division, BER


BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

May 10, 2019
Quantifying Decision Uncertainty in Water Management via a Coupled Agent-Based Model
Considering risk perception can improve the representation of human decision-making processes in age [more...]

May 09, 2019
Projecting Global Urban Area Growth Through 2100 Based on Historical Time Series Data and Future Scenarios
Study provides country-specific urban area growth models and the first dataset on country-level urba [more...]

May 05, 2019
Calibrating Building Energy Demand Models to Refine Long-Term Energy Planning
A new, flexible calibration approach improved model accuracy in capturing year-to-year changes in bu [more...]

May 03, 2019
Calibration and Uncertainty Analysis of Demeter for Better Downscaling of Global Land Use and Land Cover Projections
Researchers improved the Demeter model’s performance by calibrating key parameters and establi [more...]

Apr 22, 2019
Representation of U.S. Warm Temperature Extremes in Global Climate Model Ensembles
Representation of warm temperature events varies considerably among global climate models, which has [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)