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Phosphate Stress and Immunity Systems in Plants are Orchestrated by the Root Microbial Community
Published: March 15, 2017
Posted: April 19, 2017

Synthetic Bacterial Community Induces Typical Phosphate Starvation Phenotypes in Arabidopsis. Phenotypes of plants lacking phosphate in the presence of a 35-member synthetic community (+ Synthetic Community) or in matching axenic conditions (No Bacteria). Typical responses to phosphate starvation, including shorter primary roots and stunted shoots, are exacerbated in the presence of the bacterial community. [Image courtesy Castrillo et al. 2017. “Root Microbiota Drive Direct Integration of Phosphate Stress and Immunity,” Nature 543, 513-518. DOI: 10.1038/nature21417.]

Better understanding of these plant-microbe interactions could lead to improved bioenergy feedstocks.

The Science 
The microbial community associated with plant roots coordinates the simultaneous response of plants to both nutrient stress and disease. In a recent study, researchers established that a genetic network controlling the phosphate stress response influences how the root microbiome community is structured, even under nonstress phosphate conditions.

The Impact
Understanding how plants interact with beneficial soil microbial communities may lead to novel approaches for breeding high-yielding bioenergy feedstocks on marginal lands with few inputs. This study, for the first time, provides evidence that genes controlling phosphate starvation response (PSR) and plant defense regulation are coordinated.

Summary
To become a sustainable and viable source of biofuels, biomass feedstock crops must be capable of high productivity on marginal lands not fit for food crop production. Nutrients such as phosphorus are critical to plant productivity but are scarce in low-fertility soils, so breeding biomass plants that efficiently utilize nutrients even in nutrient-depleted soils is critical to their use as a sustainable and cost-effective bioenergy resource. Plants form intimate associations with the soil microbial communities that surround their root systems. These communities are diverse and can contain both pathogenic microbes that compete with the plant for nutrients as well as beneficial microbes that increase plant health, vigor, and productivity. Soil nutrient content can influence the composition of the microbial community, but the mechanisms are unknown. Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with partial funding from the U.S. Department of Energy-U.S.Department of Agriculture Plant Feedstocks Genomics for Bioenergy program, used mutants of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana with altered PSR to show that genes controlling PSR contribute to normal root microbiome assembly. They discovered that the regulatory gene PHR1 can fine-tune this response. They further showed that PSR regulation and pathogen defense are coordinated, providing insight into the coordinated interchange of plant response to nutritional stress, the plant immune system, and the root microbiome, as well as a foundational basis for using the soil microbiome to enhance phosphate use efficiency in plants.

Contacts (BER PM)
Cathy Ronning
SC-23.2
catherine.ronning@science.doe.gov

(PI Contact)
Jeffery L. Dangl
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
dangl@email.unc.edu

Funding
Partial support for this work was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy-U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Feedstock Genomics for Bioenergy (award DE-SC001043) and National Science Foundation INSPIRE grant IOS-1343020.

Publication
Castrillo, G., P. J. P. L. Teixeira, S. H. Paredes, T. F. Law, L. de Lorenzo, M. E. Feltcher, O. M. Finkel, N. W. Breakfield, P. Mieczkowski, C. D. Jones, J. Paz-Ares, and J. L. Dangl. 2017. “Root Microbiota Drive Direct Integration of Phosphate Stress and Immunity,” Nature 543, 513-18. DOI: 10.1038/nature21417. (Reference link)

Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Genomic Analysis and Systems Biology
  • Research Area: Microbes and Communities
  • Research Area: Plant Systems and Feedstocks, Plant-Microbe Interactions
  • Research Area: Sustainable Biofuels and Bioproducts

Division: SC-33.2 Biological Systems Science Division, BER

 

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