Researchers identified key model development activities, data needs, and process knowledge improvements required to advance the representation of photosynthesis in next-generation climate models.
A collaboration between modelers and plant physiologists compared the projected physiological responses of photosynthesis to key environmental drivers in seven terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) that form the land components of major Earth system models. The study identified research activities needed to improve process representation of photosynthesis in TBMs.
A widely held assumption is that the representation of photosynthesis in TBMs is settled science and that model uncertainty is driven largely by other processes downstream of carbon acquisition. This study demonstrates that model divergence in the physiological response of photosynthesis to key environmental drivers is high and likely a major source of model divergence. This finding is critical because the response of the terrestrial biosphere to global change is driven by these same physiological responses and their accurate representation should be an essential component of improved TBMs. This study lays out the steps needed to improve model representation of photosynthesis.
Accurate representation of photosynthesis in TBMs is essential for robust projections of global change. However, current representations vary markedly between TBMs, contributing uncertainty to projections of global carbon fluxes. In this study, researchers compared the representation of photosynthesis in seven TBMs by examining leaf and canopy-level responses of photosynthetic carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation to key environmental variables: light, temperature, CO2 concentration, vapor pressure deficit, and soil water content. They identified research areas where limited process knowledge prevents inclusion of physiological phenomena in current TBMs and research areas where data are urgently needed for model parameterization or evaluation. The study provides a roadmap for new science needed to improve the representation of photosynthesis in the next generation of terrestrial biosphere and Earth system models.
Contacts (BER PM)
Daniel Stover and Jared DeForest
Daniel.Stover@science.doe.gov, 301-903-0289; and Jared.DeForest@science.doe.gov, 301-903-1678
Brookhaven National Laboratory
The New Phytologist Trust provided support of the 9th New Phytologist Workshop: Improving Representation of Photosynthesis in Earth System Models. AR and SPS were supported by the Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE; NGEE-Arctic and NGEE-Tropics) projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research through contract number DE-SC00112704 to Brookhaven National Laboratory. DW acknowledges support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Canada Foundation for Innovation, and an Ontario Early Researcher Award. JSD received support from the National Science Foundation (DEB-0955771).
Rogers, A., B. E. Medlyn, and J. S. Dukes. 2014. “Improving Representation of Photosynthesis in Earth System Models,” New Phytologist 204, 12-14. DOI: 10.1111/nph.12972. (Reference link)
Rogers, A., B. E. Medlyn, J. S. Dukes, G. Bonan, et al. 2017. “A Roadmap for Improving Representation of Photosynthesis in Earth System Models,” New Phytologist 213, 22-42. DOI: 10.1111/nph.14283. (Reference link)
SC-23.1 Climate and Environmental Sciences Division, BER
BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER
Aug 24, 2019
New Approach for Studying How Microbes Influence Their Environment
A diverse group of scientists suggests a common framework and targeting of known microbial processes [more...]
Aug 08, 2019
Nutrient-Hungry Peatland Microbes Reduce Carbon Loss Under Warmer Conditions
Enzyme production in peatlands reduces carbon lost to respiration under future high temperatures. [more...]
Aug 05, 2019
Amazon Forest Response to CO2 Fertilization Dependent on Plant Phosphorus Acquisition
AmazonFACE Model Intercomparison. The Science Plant growth is dependent on the availabi [more...]
Jul 29, 2019
A Slippery Slope: Soil Carbon Destabilization
Carbon gain or loss depends on the balance between competing biological, chemical, and physical reac [more...]
Jul 15, 2019
Field Evaluation of Gas Analyzers for Measuring Ecosystem Fluxes
How gas analyzer type and correction method impact measured fluxes. The Science A side- [more...]
List all highlights (possible long download time)