BER launches Environmental System Science Program. Visit our new website under construction!

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights

History of the DOE ARM Aerial Facility
Published: September 13, 2013
Posted: February 04, 2014

The Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is a scientific user facility operating stationary ground sites that provide long-term measurements of climate properties; mobile ground- and ship-based facilities to conduct 6-12 month campaigns; and the ARM Aerial Facility (AAF). AAF airborne observations enhance the surface-based ARM Facility measurements by providing context and high-resolution in situ measurements. These measurements are critical for process understanding, retrieval-algorithm development, and model evaluation that are not possible using surface- or satellite-based techniques. Peer-reviewed proposals to the facility determine which airborne measurements are made.

Established in 2006, the AAF has carried out nine campaigns enabling research on aerosols, clouds, aerosol-cloud interactions, and trace gases. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provided funding to procure over 20 new instruments to be used aboard the G-1 and AAF-contracted aircraft. The AAF has matured into a facility with extensive in-house capability. The AAF has over 50 state-of-the-art instruments at its disposal and is typically further augmented by leading-edge guest instrumentation. The AAF supported the maturing and enhancement projects of aerial instruments addressing climate research study areas of radiation (stabilization radiometer and the world’s first airborne Spectrometer for Sun Tracking and Sky-Scanning Atmospheric Research), cloud and ice particles (Modification and Tests of Particle Probe Tips to Mitigate Effects of Ice Shattering and Polar/ Imaging Nephelometer), and clouds (Holographic Detector for Clouds upgrade). To date, over 70 peer-reviewed journal publications have used airborne datasets from AAF campaigns.

Reference: Schmid, B., J. M. Tomlinson, J. M. Hubbe, J. M. Comstock, F. Mei, D. Chand, M. S. Pekour, C. D. Kluzek, E. Andrews, S. C. Biraud, G. M. McFarquhar. 2013. “The DOE ARM Aerial Facility,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00040.1. (Reference link)

Contact: Wanda Ferrell, SC-23.1, (301) 903-0043, Rickey Petty, SC-23.1, (301) 903-5548
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Atmospheric System Research
  • Facility: DOE ARM User Facility

Division: SC-33.1 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, BER


BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Mar 23, 2021
Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Lipids transfer energy and serve as an inter-kingdom communication tool in leaf-cutter ants&rsqu [more...]

Mar 19, 2021
Microbes Use Ancient Metabolism to Cycle Phosphorus
Microbial cycling of phosphorus through reduction-oxidation reactions is older and more widespre [more...]

Feb 22, 2021
Warming Soil Means Stronger Microbe Networks
Soil warming leads to more complex, larger, and more connected networks of microbes in those soi [more...]

Jan 27, 2021
Labeling the Thale Cress Metabolites
New data pipeline identifies metabolites following heavy isotope labeling.

Analysis [more...]

Aug 31, 2020
Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco

  • All plant biomass is sourced from the carbon-fixing enzyme Rub [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)