BER launches Environmental System Science Program. Visit our new website under construction!

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

BER Research Highlights

Identifying Drizzle
Published: September 16, 2013
Posted: February 04, 2014

Tiny cloud droplets called “drizzle” influence the structure of clouds and their persistence—two factors important to climate. To accurately depict this process in climate models, scientists need better information about the genesis of drizzle. Scientists currently rely on airplanes to measure details like drizzle within a cloud, but flights are expensive and measurements are confined to a limited area. A less expensive and more comprehensive approach uses cloud radars on the ground, augmented by other remote sensors. Scientists have developed a new technique that uses spectra from cloud profiling radars to distinguish between air motion, cloud, and drizzle. Researchers used the extensive dataset collected during the deployment of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility on Graciosa Island in the Azores to test the technique. The research team found that the method’s estimate of drizzle inside the cloud aligned very well with observed drizzle below the cloud, and that this observation held true whether the air was moving up or down. The newly established ARM research facility in the Azores will generate a long-term dataset to allow additional studies of this type.

Reference: Luke, E., and P. Kollias. 2013. “Separating Cloud and Drizzle Radar Moments During Precipitation Onset Using Doppler Spectra,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 30(8), 1656-71. DOI: 10.1175/jtech-d-11-00195.1. (Reference link)

Contact: Wanda Ferrell, SC-23.1, (301) 903-0043, Sally McFarlane, SC-23.1, (301) 903-0943, Ashley Williamson, SC-23.1, (301) 903-3120
Topic Areas:

  • Research Area: Earth and Environmental Systems Modeling
  • Research Area: Atmospheric System Research
  • Facility: DOE ARM User Facility

Division: SC-33.1 Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, BER


BER supports basic research and scientific user facilities to advance DOE missions in energy and environment. More about BER

Recent Highlights

Mar 23, 2021
Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Lipids transfer energy and serve as an inter-kingdom communication tool in leaf-cutter ants&rsqu [more...]

Mar 19, 2021
Microbes Use Ancient Metabolism to Cycle Phosphorus
Microbial cycling of phosphorus through reduction-oxidation reactions is older and more widespre [more...]

Feb 22, 2021
Warming Soil Means Stronger Microbe Networks
Soil warming leads to more complex, larger, and more connected networks of microbes in those soi [more...]

Jan 27, 2021
Labeling the Thale Cress Metabolites
New data pipeline identifies metabolites following heavy isotope labeling.

Analysis [more...]

Aug 31, 2020
Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco

  • All plant biomass is sourced from the carbon-fixing enzyme Rub [more...]

List all highlights (possible long download time)